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EXPERTISE
Antiques & Collectibles
Diplomacy & International Affairs
History - General
Politics & Current Affairs
PREVIOUS EXPERIENCE WITH:
BIOGRAPHY
Anthony Terry is a former officer of the Diplomatic Service with extensive experience of South America in a variety of roles in London and overseas, covering political, intelligence, economic and commercial issues. He spent four years in Cuba during the Cold War years of the 1970s, four years in the former Yugoslavia at the end of the Tito period and prior to the Balkan wars,and had postings in Chile during both the Pinochet years and after the transition to democratic rule. His other overseas experience includes Kenya, Guatemala, and the UK Mission to the United Nations in Geneva. He has also worked in a consultancy role for the Service with post-retirement postings to Morocco, Algeria, Venezuela and Chile.

Since retirement, Anthony has turned a long-standing interest in early cartography and related voyages of exploration into a business dealing in antique maps, specialising in South America and the Pacific, and researching some of the earliest expeditions to the region. He is a regular visit to Chile in connection with his map business and related cartographic and maritime research, and since 2007 has lectured on cruise ships on the subject of early voyages and antique cartography. He is a fluent French and Spanish speaker.
TALK TITLES
The talks are designed as maritime, historical or political narratives, at the same time providing insights into the role played by early cartography in the events described, with PowerPoint illustrations of relevant and decorative antique maps and prints dating from the 16th century onwards.

CUBA

1. Cuba and the US: “A Terrible Family Feud” (President CLINTON).
The controversial relationship between the two neighbours pre-dated the CASTRO regime by a century, and the 1959 Revolution was only the latest stage in a long history of complicated entanglements. Helped to independence from Spain by US intervention, Cuba remained closely tied to the US until the definitive break after CASTRO took power and carved out a socialist State in the face of American hostility. President OBAMA took the first effective steps to reconciliation, but under the TRUMP Presidency in the US, what are the prospects for change in the post-CASTRO era?
(Illustrated with contemporary photos, posters and cartoons)

2. The British Capture of Havana in 1762.
An account of the spectacular combined forces campaign to seize control of the best-defended city in Spain’s overseas Empire, launched in secrecy and based in part on crucial intelligence. It produced unforeseen consequences not only for Cuba, but for the Spanish and British Empires and for the soon-to-be United States. Account includes several surprising links to the present-day.
( Illustrated with original archive material from the campaign, as well as contemporary maps and paintings)

3. Fidel Castro’s Maverick Role in the Cold War.
As an unpredictable ally of the Soviet Union at the height of the Cold War, Castro helped bring the world to the brink of nuclear annihilation, promoted Che Guevara’s international revolutionary campaign, embarked on military interventions overseas, provided training for guerrillas and terrorists, and supported Soviet espionage against the US. Under his leadership, Cuba came to play a role in international affairs out of all proportion to its size and history.
(A personal perspective based in part on the experience of the speaker who lived in Havana for 4 years in the 1970s. Illustrated with maps, photos and cartoons)

4. The Spanish Treasure Route from South America to Spain. The part played by Havana and Panama in the development of the Spanish treasure route from South and Central America, including the trans-Pacific route between Acapulco and Manila, and the efforts of Spain's enemies to intercept the traffic.
(Illustrated with antique maps)

5. “Patria o Muerte, Venceremos!” (Fatherland or Death, we shall Win!”)
Anecdotes and impressions of life in Castro’s Cuba during the Cold War, from the comic to the tragic, where the Socialist Utopian dream of the 1959 revolutionaries evolved into a progressive but totalitarian Big-Brother state unique in the Western Hemisphere, partly disguised by one of the world’s most effective and skilful propaganda machines.
(From the experience of the speaker who worked in the British Embassy in Havana during the Cold War)

THE PACIFIC AND SOUTH AMERICA

6. Juan Fernandez Island: Discovery and Destiny as a Safe Refuge for Buccaneers and Spain's Enemies.
Describes how the Spanish discovery of the archipelago in the late 16th century ironically provided buccaneers and Spain's European rivals with a secure base off the coast of South America from which to operate against Spanish interests in the Pacific until the mid-18th century, and for which secret charts stolen from the Spaniards played a vital part.
(Illustrated with antique maps)

7. Easter Island through the Eyes of 18th Century Navigators. Recounts the fortuitous discovery of Easter Island by a Dutch navigator in 1722, to the planned "scientific" visits paid by James Cook and then his French rival, Admiral de La Perouse later in the 18th century, whose expeditions provided the outside world with the first detailed information on the lives and culture of the islanders. (Illustrated with antique maps).

6. The Wrecking of the Wager on the Coast of Chile, and Lord Anson's Circumnavigation, 1740-44.
An account of the most notable British naval expedition to the Pacific in the 18th century, and of the wrecking of HMS Wager on the coast of southern Chile, and of its recent discovery. ( Illustrated with antique maps and contemporary engravings)

8. The South America Route to the Pacific, and the Struggle for Control of the trans-Pacific Trading Route.
An account of how Spain opened up an alternative route to the Pacific and the Far East around South America, and of the rivalry amongst the European powers to usurp Spain's monopoly, starting with Drake's voyage in the 16th century up to the voyages of James Cook and other navigators in the late 18th century. (Illustrated with antique maps)

9. Terra Australis Incognita and the Voyages of James Cook to the Pacific.
An account of the belief since ancient times in the existence of a vast southern Continent and of the repeated attempts to locate it, ending in the conclusive voyages of James Cook which resolved the issue, and pointed the way to later Antarctic exploration. (Illustrated with antique maps)

10. The Disappearance of the La Perouse expedition to the Pacific.
An account of the ambitious expedition to the Pacific by Admiral La Perouse, the French rival to James Cook, on the eve of the French Revolution, which mysteriously disappeared in the south Pacific and whose fate was uncovered by a chance encounter and more recent maritime archaeology. ( Illustrated with antique maps and contemporary photos)

11. The Pacific Island of California, The Torres Straits, and Pepys Island
Describes how an improbable mistake resulted in cartographers depicting California as a Pacific island for more than a hundred years, while the Spanish discovery of the Straits around the northern tip of Australia was held secret for nearly two hundred years before being exposed by an energetic English hydrographer, Alexander Dalrymple, and by James Cook; and a non-existent island in the South Atlantic mysteriously came to be named after Samuel Pepys, the 17th century diarist and Secretary to the Navy. (Illustrated with antique maps)

12. Mutiny on the Bounty and Pandora's Revenge.
An account of the circumstances of the Bounty voyage to Tahiti, and its controversial outcome: the secret of Pitcairn, the open-boat epic led by Bligh, and the hunt for the mutineers by the ship Pandora, wrecked on the coast of Australia while bringing some of the mutineers back to England. (Illustrated with antique maps)

13. The Panama Isthmus: Spanish Treasure Route and Target for Buccaneers.
An account of how the Spanish conquistadors developed the route from their discoveries in South America, particularly of gold in Peru and silver in Potosi, Bolivia, to ship their treasure back to Spain via Panama and across the Isthmus to the Caribbean; and how a succession of Spain's enemies, from Francis Drake to Henry Morgan, William Dampier and others, sought to enrich themselves by intercepting this traffic. (Illustrated with antique maps)

14. A French Espionage mission to the Coasts of Chile and Peru, 1712-14.
The story of Amedee Frezier, the French fortifications architect and expert on fireworks, who was sent by the French king to spy on Spanish defences in South America. An unexpected consequence was the introduction of the South American strawberry to Europe which has left a lasting legacy. (Illustrated with antique maps)

15. Amerigo Vespucci and the Naming of America, 1492-1507.
An account of how America got its name from an obscure Florentine navigator and of the ensuing cartographic dispute between the mapmakers of the 16th century and beyond. (Illustrated with antique maps)

16. Sir Walter Ralegh's Search for El Dorado.
An account of the fruitless efforts of the Queen's favourite to find fortune and an empire for his Sovereign in the jungles of South America, an obsession with finally turned to tragedy. (Illustrated with antique maps.

17. Francisco de Orellana's Descent of the Amazon River, 1541-42. The story of the Conquistador expedition in the jungles of Ecuador to search for gold and cinnamon, which turned into a battle for survival and the first crossing of South America the length of the Amazon in a boat built in the jungle. (Illustrated with antique maps and prints)

18. The Building of the Panama Canal: From Disaster to Triumph.
An account of the events leading up to the successful construction of the Canal, from the early US surveys, the doomed French attempt by De Lesseps, and the final American triumph, covering the political background, the strategic issues, and the economic and engineering aspects. (Illustrated with contemporary photos and maps)

ANTIQUE CARTOGRAPHY

19. Their Man in Goa: How a Dutch Spy stole the secrets of the Portuguese trading route to the Spice Islands of the Far East.
An account of how an enterprising Dutch clerk, Linschoten, achieved fame and fortune by stealing cartographic secrets while in the employ of the Portuguese bishop of Goa, and how these secrets were exploited by Dutch and other expeditions to Indonesia and the Far East.
(Illustrated with antique maps)

20. Amerigo Vespucci and the Naming of America, 1492-1507.
An account of how America got its name from an obscure Florentine navigator and of the ensuing cartographic dispute between the mapmakers of the 16th century and beyond. (Illustrated with antique maps)

21. An Introduction to Antique Maps.
An account of the development of cartography from the medieval religious interpretation of the known world and the re-introduction of Ptolemaic maps from ancient Greece in the 15th century, to the mapping from the age of exploration and the decorative maps which flourished in Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries. (Illustrated with antique maps)
RECENT PAST CRUISES COMPLETED
The following recent Cruise History has been recorded for this candidate.
SHIP REF CRUISE DESCRIPTION NIGHTS SAILING FROM DEPARTURE DATE
Viking Star ST181115 Cultural Cuba 7 Miami, Florida Thursday, November 15, 2018
Viking Star ST181108 Cultural Cuba 7 Miami, Florida Thursday, November 8, 2018
Crystal Symphony V6204 Incan Immersion 20 Valparaiso (for Santiago) Sunday, February 14, 2016
Voyager VGR160131 Colours of Central America 14 Cartagena de Indias Sunday, January 31, 2016
Crystal Serenity V5303 Mysteries of the South Pacific 19 Lima (from Callao) Saturday, January 31, 2015