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EXPERTISE
Antiques & Collectibles
History - General
Politics & Current Affairs
World Affairs
PREVIOUS EXPERIENCE WITH:
BIOGRAPHY
Anthony Terry is a former officer of the Diplomatic Service and graduate of the Royal College of Defence Studies with extensive experience of South America in a variety of roles in London and overseas, covering political, intelligence, economic and commercial issues. He spent four years in Cuba during the Cold War years of the 1970s, four years in the former Yugoslavia at the end of the Tito period and prior to the Balkan wars, and had postings in Chile during both the Pinochet years and after the transition to democratic rule. His other overseas experience includes Kenya, Guatemala, and the UK Mission to the United Nations in Geneva. He has also worked in a consultancy role for the Service with post-retirement postings to Morocco, Algeria, Venezuela and Chile.†

Since retirement, Anthony has turned a long-standing interest in early cartography and related voyages of exploration into a business dealing in antique maps, specialising in South America and the Pacific, and researching some of the earliest expeditions to the region. A regular visitor to Chile in connection with his map business and related cartographic and maritime research he has lectured on cruise ships since 2007 and is a fluent French and Spanish speaker.
TALK TITLES
GENERAL
Drawing on research into voyages of exploration to South America and the Pacific, and my enthusiasm for antique maps, I aim to give informative and entertaining narratives of outstanding events and personalities in the history of New World discovery, illustrated and explained with relevant antique maps. I look also at aspects of Cuban history and its place in the Cold War, the role of Panama in the early colonial period, and the later Canal construction, and at unusual historical events in which cartography or cartographers were main players.

CUBA

1. Cuba and the US: ďA Terrible Family FeudĒ (President CLINTON).
The controversial relationship between the two neighbours pre-dated the CASTRO regime by a century, and the 1959 Revolution was only the latest stage in a long history of complicated entanglements. Helped to independence from Spain by US intervention, Cuba remained closely tied to the US until the definitive break after CASTRO took power and carved out a socialist State in the face of American hostility. President OBAMA took the first effective steps to reconciliation, but under the TRUMP Presidency in the US, what are the prospects for change in the post-CASTRO era?
(Illustrated with contemporary photos, posters and cartoons).

2. The British Capture of Havana in 1762.
Detecting Spainís growing enfeeblement as a colonial power, Britain chose its moment to mount a spectacular combined forces campaign to seize control of the best-defended city in Spainís overseas Empire. Success yielded a prize of huge strategic and monetary wealth, but produced unforeseen consequences not only for Cuba, but for the Spanish and British Empires and for the soon-to-be United States. Account includes several surprising links to the present-day.
(Illustrated with original archive material from the campaign, as well as contemporary maps and paintings).

3. Fidel Castroís Maverick Role in the Cold War.
As an unpredictable ally of the Soviet Union at the height of the Cold War, Castro helped bring the world to the brink of nuclear annihilation, promoted Che Guevaraís international revolutionary campaign, embarked on military interventions overseas, provided training for guerrillas and terrorists, and supported Soviet espionage against the US. Under his leadership, Cuba came to play a role in international affairs out of all proportion to its size and history.
(A personal perspective based in part on the experience of the speaker who lived in Havana for 4 years in the 1970s.
(Illustrated with maps, photos and cartoons).

4. The Spanish Treasure Route from South America to Spain.
The part played by Havana and Panama in the development of the Spanish treasure route from South and Central America, including the trans-Pacific route between Acapulco and Manila, and the efforts of Spain's enemies to intercept the traffic.
(Illustrated with antique maps).
NB Variant of Talk 5 below.

PANAMA

5. The Panama Isthmus: Spanish Treasure Route and Target for Buccaneers.
Spanish control of the Panama Isthmus with ports on both the Pacific and Caribbean sides enabled Spain to transport the mineral wealth from their conquests in South and Central America, and particularly from the silver mines of Potosi, by secret terrestrial and heavily guarded maritime routes back to Spain. The choke point of Panama became a major target for buccaneers and adventurers such as Francis Drake, Henry Morgan and William Dampier seeking their fortunes by intercepting this traffic.
(Illustrated with antique maps).
NB Variant of Talk 4 above.

6. The Building of the Panama Canal: From Disaster to Triumph.
An account of the events leading up to the successful construction of the Canal, from the early US surveys, the doomed French attempt by De Lesseps, and the final American triumph, covering the political background, the strategic issues, and the economic and engineering aspects.
(Illustrated with contemporary photos and maps).

THE PACIFIC AND SOUTH AMERICA

7. The Hunt for the Spanish Derroteros of South Americaís Pacific Coast
Cartographic secrecy was an integral part of New World discovery, tightly controlled by institutions in Portugal and Spain. The Derroteros, secret Spanish sea charts showing anchorages and other key information about the Pacific coastline of Central and South America, became key targets for Spainís enemies. This talk reveals the colourful stories of some of those captured, kept, copied and used, some of which have survived to the present day.
(Illustrated with contemporary maps).
Also in Cartographic Stories section below.

8. The Wrecking of the Wager on the Coast of Chile, and Lord Anson's Circumnavigation, 1740-44.
One of the most remarkable survival stories from 18th century seafaring, in which HMS Wager was lost on the southern coast of Chile while Anson, the expeditionís commander, led attacks against Spainís Pacific shipping and completed a circumnavigation which came close to catastrophe. The story concludes with the discovery of the Wager wreck in the 21st century and the Speakerís own search for salvaged Wager cannon in southern Chile.
(Illustrated with antique maps and contemporary engravings).

9. Spainís Monopoly of the South America Route to the Pacific
With Magellanís discovery of the Strait between the tip of South America and Tierra del Fuego, Spain was able to develop an alternative trading route to the Pacific and the Far East, but had to contend with the efforts of other European powers to break the monopoly, starting with the voyages of Francis Drake, Cavendish and Narborough, followed by the Dutch and French over the next two centuries.
(Illustrated with antique maps).

10. Terra Australis Incognita: The Search for the Great Southern Continent.
An account of the belief since ancient times (highlighted by cartographic conjecture) in the existence of an encircling southern Continent off the coasts of South America, India and Africa, and of the repeated attempts to locate it, ending in the conclusive 18th century voyages of James Cook which resolved the issue, and led the way to later Antarctic exploration.
(Illustrated with antique maps).

11. The Disappearance of the La Perouse expedition to the Pacific.
On the eve of the French Revolution, the French King launched Europeís most ambitious expedition yet to the Pacific, under the leadership of Admiral de La Perouse, designed to rival and even exceed the voyages of James Cook. Despite nearly three yearsí of a well-documented itinerary (including visits to Chile, Easter Island, Alaska, Russia and Australia), Perouseís two ships never returned to France, and their extraordinary fate was only learned from a chance 19th century encounter and finally unravelled by the latest maritime archaeology.
(Illustrated with antique maps and contemporary photos).

12. The French Connection: Frezierís Espionage mission to the Coasts of Chile and Peru, 1712-14.
Using the cover of a trading merchant, Amedee Frezier, French military architect and fireworks designer, sailed to the Pacific in 1712 to collect intelligence on Spanish defences along the coasts of Chile and Peru. By the time he returned to France, much of his information had been overtaken by events, but his observant eye covered far more than military matters, and his legacy is the strawberry we know today.
(Illustrated with contemporary maps and Frezierís own drawings).

13. Amerigo Vespucci and the Naming of America, 1492-1507.
While Columbus takes the credit as discoverer of the New World, he missed out on having the Continent named after him. Instead, a suspected dirty tricks campaign and behind-the-scenes machinations of a group of cartographers which took the initiative in naming the Continent after one of Columbusí rivals, an obscure Florentine navigator, led to disagreements between the mapmakers of the 16th century and a controversy which has lasted to modern times.
(Illustrated with antique maps).
Also in Cartographic Stories section.

14. Sir Walter Ralegh's Search for El Dorado.
Ralegh rose from obscurity to become the Queen's favourite courtier, warrior and poet, and one of the wealthiest Elizabethans; but his efforts to resist the growing power of Spainís New World Empire and to secure a share for his own Sovereign by locating the famed golden city in the jungles of South America, proved to be an obsession which finally turned to tragedy.
(Illustrated with antique maps).

15. Mutiny on the Bounty and Pandora's Revenge.
An account of the circumstances of the Bounty voyage to Tahiti, and its controversial outcome: the secret of Pitcairn island, the open-boat epic led by Bligh, and the hunt for the mutineers by the ship Pandora, wrecked on the coast of Australia while bringing some of the mutineers back to England. (Illustrated with antique maps).

16. Francisco de Orellana's Descent of the Amazon River, 1541-42.
The story of the Conquistador expedition in the jungles of Ecuador to search for gold and cinnamon, which turned into a battle for survival and the first crossing of South America the length of the Amazon in a boat built in the jungle.
(Illustrated with antique maps and prints).

CARTOGRAPHIC STORIES

17. Their Man in Goa: The Dutch Spy who stole the secrets of the Portuguese trading route to the Spice Islands of the Far East.
The Portuguese monopoly of the trade route to the Spice Islands of the Far East was finally broken thanks in part to the efforts of Linschoten, an enterprising Dutch clerk, who stole secret Portuguese charts while working as secretary to the Portuguese bishop of Goa. His maps reached the Netherlands in time to guide the first Dutch expedition to sail to the Far East and challenge the Portuguese, and their subsequent publication spread jealously guarded cartographic knowledge throughout Europe.
(Illustrated with antique maps.)

18. Amerigo Vespucci and the Naming of America, 1492-1507.
While Columbus takes the credit as discoverer of the New World, he missed out on having the Continent named after him. Instead, a suspected dirty tricks campaign and behind-the-scenes machinations of a group of cartographers which took the initiative in naming the Continent after one of Columbusí rivals, an obscure Florentine navigator, led to disagreements between the mapmakers of the 16th century and a controversy which has lasted to modern times.
(Illustrated with antique maps).
Also in Pacific and South America section.

19. Cartographic Errors and Deceptions: The Island of California, The Torres Straits, and Pepys Island
A mistake combined with an obsession for secrecy resulted in cartographers depicting California as a Pacific island for more than a hundred years, while the Spanish discovery of the Straits around the northern tip of Australia was held secret for nearly two hundred years before being exposed by an energetic English hydrographer, Alexander Dalrymple, and by James Cook; and a non-existent island in the South Atlantic mysteriously came to be named after Samuel Pepys, the 17th century diarist and Secretary to the Navy.
(Illustrated with antique maps).

20. The Hunt for the Spanish Derroteros of South Americaís Pacific Coast
Cartographic secrecy was an integral part of New World discovery, tightly controlled by institutions in Portugal and Spain. The Derroteros, secret Spanish sea charts showing anchorages and other key information about the Pacific coastline of Central and South America, became key targets for Spainís enemies. This talk reveals the colourful stories of some of those captured, kept, copied and used, some of which have survived to the present day.
(Illustrated with contemporary maps).
Also in Pacific and South America section above.

21. An Introduction to Antique Maps.
An account of the development of cartography from the medieval religious interpretation of the known world and the re-introduction of Ptolemaic maps from ancient Greece in the 15th century, to the mapping from the age of exploration and the decorative maps which flourished in Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries.
(Illustrated with antique maps).

Revised February 2019
CRUISE HISTORY / EXPERIENCE
BOUDICCA (Fred Olsen) - 26 February to 9 March 2017. Lima to Cozumel (originally to end in Havana but entertainers disembarked Cozumel), via Manta, Panama Canal, Puerto Limon (Costa Rica) Belize City, Cozumel.

SEABOURN - 30 March to 15 April 2016. Fort Lauderdale to Monte Carlo via Madeira, Gibraltar, Malaga.

CRYSTAL SYMPHONY - 14 February to 5 March 2016. Valparaiso to Miami via Coquimbo, Arica, General St Martin, Salaverry, Guayaquil, Panama City, Cartgena, Santa Marta, Ocho Rios, Key West.

VOYAGER (Discovery) - 3 January to 17 January 2016. Montego Bay to Cozumel via Grand Turk,Caicos Islands, Amber Cove/Punta Pala Dominican Republic, Great
Inagua Bahamas (could not land), Antilla Cuba, Havana, Progreso Mexico, Cozumel Mexico (returned from Cancun airport as Cozumel airport out of action.

CRYSTAL SERENITY - 30 January to 20 February 2015. Lima to Auckland via Easter Island, Pitcairn, Tahiti, Bora Bora, Rarotonga (couldnít land), Bay of Islands NZ.

BLACK WATCH (Fred Olsen) - 29 January to 15 February 2014. Rio to Valparaiso via Montevideo, Buenos Aires, Cape Horn (sighted but did not round because of steering breakdown), Beagle Channel, Magellan Straits, Chilean canals (icebergs) Golfo de Penas.

BALMORAL (Fred Olsen) - 20 January to 10 February 2013. Havana (missed flight connection!) to Tahiti, via Panama, Puerto Caldera, Acajutla, Acapulco, Nuku Hiva (Marqesas islands), Rangiroa, Tahiti.

SAGA RUBY - 21 February to 8 March 2012. Auckland to Manila, via Sydney, Cairns, Bitung, Manila.

CRYSTAL SYMPHONY - 27 January to 6 February 2012. Caldera to Miami via Panama Canal, Curacao, St Maarten, St Thomas, Miami.

AURORA (P and O) - 26 November to 6 December 2011. Barbados to Jamaica, via Grenada, Aruba, Panama Canal, Roatan, Cozumel, Montego Bay.

DISCOVERY - 19 February to 5 March 2011. Valparaiso to Manta, via Arica, General San Martin, Callao, Salavery, Guayaquil, Manta (and Quito).

OCEANA (P and O) - 3 January 2011 to 16 January 2011. Barbados to Acapulco, via St Lucia, Grenada, Bonaire, Aruba, Panama Canal, Punta Arenas, Zihuatenejo, Acapulco.

BALMORAL (Fred Olsen) - 19 January 2010 to 1 February 2010. Curacao to Los Angeles, via Cartagena, Panama Canal, Puerto Caldera, Cabo San Lucas, Los Angeles.

SAGA ROSE - 29 January to 22 February 2009. Callao to Auckland, via Easter Island, Pitcairn, Papeete, Apia (Samoa), Suva (Fiji), Nuka Alofa (Tonga), Auckland.

SAGA RUBY - 5 January 2008 to 8 February 2008. Southampton to Buenos Aires, via Madeira, Dakar, Cape Verde islands, Devilís Island, Grenada (?), Tobago, Macapa, Belem, Fortaleza, Maceo, Salvador, Rio de Janeiro, Buenos Aires.

DISCOVERY - 2 to 18 March 2007. Valparaiso to Tahiti, via Juan Fernandez island, Easter island, Pitcairn, Raitea, Rangiroa, Tahiti.
RECENT PAST CRUISES COMPLETED
The following recent Cruise History has been recorded for this candidate.
SHIP REF CRUISE DESCRIPTION NIGHTS SAILING FROM DEPARTURE DATE
Viking Star ST181115 Cultural Cuba 7 Miami, Florida Thursday, November 15, 2018
Viking Star ST181108 Cultural Cuba 7 Miami, Florida Thursday, November 8, 2018
Boudicca D1702 South American Discovery 77 Southampton Sunday, January 8, 2017
Crystal Symphony V6204 Incan Immersion 20 Valparaiso (for Santiago) Sunday, February 14, 2016
Voyager VGR160131 Colours of Central America 14 Cartagena de Indias Sunday, January 31, 2016
Crystal Serenity V5303 Mysteries of the South Pacific 19 Lima (from Callao) Saturday, January 31, 2015